Alejandro GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu (Spanish pronunciation:Â [aleËxandÉ¾o É£onËsales iËÉ²aritu], ih-NYAR-ee-too; born August 15, 1963) is a Mexican film director, screenwriter, film producer, and composer.
GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu is the first Mexican director to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director and by the Directors Guild of America for Best Director. He is also the second Mexican director to have won the Prix de la mise en scene or best director award at Cannes (2006), after Luis BuÃ±uel in 1951, the third one being Carlos Reygadas in 2012 and the fourth Amat Escalante in 2013. His five feature films, Amores perros (2000), 21 Grams (2003), Babel (2006), Biutiful (2010), and Birdman (2014), have gained critical acclaim worldwide and have all been nominated at the Academy Awards.
Early life and career
Alejandro GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu was born in Mexico City, the son of Luz MarÃa IÃ±Ã¡rritu and Hector GonzÃ¡lez Gama.
Crossing the Atlantic Ocean on a cargo ship at the age of 17 and 19, GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu worked his way across Europe and Africa. He himself has noted that these early travels as a young man have had a great influence on him as a filmmaker. The setting of his films have often been in the places he visited during this period.
After his travels, GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu returned to Mexico City and majored in communications at Universidad Iberoamericana. In 1984, he started his career as a radio host at the Mexican radio station WFM, a rock and eclectic music station. In 1988, he became the director of the station. Over the next five years, GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu spent his time interviewing rock stars, transmitting live concerts, and making WFM the number one radio station in Mexico. From 1987 to 1989, he composed music for six Mexican feature films. He has stated that he believes music has had a bigger influence on him as an artist than film itself.
In the nineties, GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu created Z films with Raul Olvera in Mexico. Under Z Films, he started writing, producing and directing short films and advertisements. Making the final transition into T.V Film directing, he studied under well-known Polish-born Mexican theatre director Ludwik Margules, as well as Judith Weston in Los Angeles.
Path to fame
In 1995, GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu wrote and directed his first T.V pilot for Z Films, called Detras del dinero, - ["Behind the Money"], starring Miguel BosÃ©. Z Films went on to be one of the biggest and strongest film production companies in Mexico, launching seven young directors in the feature film arena. In 1999, GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu directed his first feature film Amores perros, written by Guillermo Arriaga. Amores perros explored Mexican society in Mexico City told via three intertwining stories. In 2000, Amores perros premiered at the Cannes Film Festival and won the Critics Weeks Grand Prize. It also introduced audiences for the first time to Gael GarcÃa Bernal. Amores perros went on to be nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the Academy Awards.
After the success of Amores Perros, GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu and Guillermo Arriaga revisited the intersecting story structure of Amores perros in GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu's second film, 21 Grams. The film starred Benicio del Toro, Naomi Watts and Sean Penn, and was presented at the Venice Film Festival, winning the Volpi Cup for actor Sean Penn. At the 2004 Academy Awards, Del Toro and Watts received nominations for their performances.
In 2005 GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu embarked on his third film, Babel, set in 4 countries on 3 continents, and in 4 different languages. Babel consists of four stories set in Morocco, Mexico, the United States, and Japan. The film stars Brad Pitt, Cate Blanchett and Adriana Barraza. The majority of the rest of the cast, however, was made up of non-professional actors and some new actors, such as Rinko Kikuchi. It was presented at Cannes 2006, where GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu earned the Best Director Prize (Prix de la mise en scÃ¨ne). Babel was released in November 2006 and received seven nominations at the 79th Annual Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director. GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu is the first Mexican director nominated for a DGA award and for an Academy Award. Babel went on to win Best Motion Picture in the drama category at the Golden Globe Awards on January 15, 2007. Gustavo Santaolalla won the Academy Award that year for Best Original Score. After Babel, Alejandro and his writing partner Guillermo Arriaga professionally parted ways, following GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu barring Arriaga from the set during filming (Arriaga told the Los Angeles Times in 2009 "It had to come to an end, but I still respect [GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu].")
In 2008 and 2009, GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu directed and produced Biutiful, starring Javier Bardem, written by GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu, Armando Bo, and Nicolas Giacobone. The film premiered at the Cannes Film Festial on May 17, 2010. Bardem went on to win Best Actor (shared with Elio Germano for La nostra vita) at Cannes. Biutiful is GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rrituâs first film in his native Spanish since his debut feature Amores perros. For the second time in his career his film was nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the 83rd Academy Awards. It was also nominated for the 2011 Golden Globes in the category of Best Foreign Film, for the 2011 BAFTA awards in the category of Best Film Not in the English Language and Best Actor. Javier Bardemâs performance was also nominated for Academy Award for Best Actor.
In 2014, GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu directed Birdman, starring Michael Keaton, Naomi Watts, Edward Norton, Emma Stone, Zach Galifianakis, and Andrea Riseborough. The film is IÃ±Ã¡rritu's first comedy. Birdman is about an actor who played an iconic superhero, and who tries to revive his career by doing a play based on the Raymond Carver short story What We Talk About When We Talk About Love. The film was released on October 17, 2014.
In April 2014, it was announced that GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu's next film as a director will be The Revenant, which he co-wrote with Mark L. Smith. It is based on the novel of same name by Michael Punke. The film stars Leonardo DiCaprio, Tom Hardy and Will Poulter with shooting began in September 2014, for a December 25, 2015 release. The Revenant is being filmed in Alberta and B.C. with production scheduled to wrap in February 2015. The film will be a 19th Century historical period drama, and is described as a "gritty thriller" about a fur trapper who seeks revenge against a group of men who robbed and abandoned him after he was mauled by a grizzly bear
From 2001 to 2011, GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu directed several short films.
In 2001, he directed an 11 minute film segment for 11.09.01â" which is composed of several short films that explore the effects of the 9/11 terrorist attacks from different points of view around the world.
In 2007, he made ANNA which screened at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival inside Chacun son cinÃ©ma. It was part of the 60th anniversary of the film festival and it was a series of shorts by 33 world-renown film directors.
In 2012, he made the experimental short film Naran Ja: One Act Orange Dance - inspired by L.A Dance Project's premiere performance. The short features excerpts of the new choreography Benjamin Millepied crafted for Moving Parts. The story takes place in a secluded, dusty space and centers around LADP dancer Julia Eichten.
In 2001/2002, GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu directed "Powder Keg", an episode for the BMW film series The Hire, starring Clive Owen as the driver.
In 2010, GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu directed Write the Future, a football-themed commercial for Nike ahead of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, which went on to win Grand Prix at the Cannes Lions advertising festival.
In 2012, he directed Procter & Gamble's "Best Job" commercial spot for the 2012 Olympic Ceremonies. It went on to win the Best Primetime Commercial Emmy at Creative Arts Emmy Awards.
On October 4, 2012, Facebook released a GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu-directed brand film titled "The Things That Connect Us" to celebrate the social network reaching one billion users.
- "Death Trilogy":
- Amores perros (2000)
- 21 Grams (2003)
- Babel (2006)
- Biutiful (2010)
- Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) (2014)
- The Revenant (2015)
- DetrÃ¡s del dinero (1995) (TV)
- El Timbre (1996)
- Powder Keg (2001) ("The Hire" series for BMW)
- 11'09"01 September 11 (2002)
- Chacun son cinema (2007) (segment "ANNA")
- Naran Ja (One Act Orange Dance) (2012) Youtube
Awards and nominations
GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu has been nominated for many awards including: Academy Award, Palme d'Or, Golden Lion, European Film Award, DGA Award, PGA Award, CÃ©sar Award, Silver Ribbon, Prix de la mise en scÃ¨ne, BAFTA, Ariel Award, Golden Globe, David di Donatello and ALFS Award.
- 2001: Best Foreign Language Film (Amores perros - Mexico, nominated)
- 2007: Best Director (Babel, nominated)
- 2007: Best Picture (Babel, nominated)
- 2011: Best Foreign Language Film (Biutiful - Mexico, nominated)
- 2014: Best Director (Birdman, TBA)
- 2014: Best Picture (Birdman, TBA)
- 2014: Best Original Screenplay (Birdman, TBA)
AACTA International Awards
- 2015: Best Direction (Birdman, pending)
- 2015: Best Screenplay (Birdman, pending)
- 2002: Best Film Not in the English Language (Amores perros, won)
- 2007: Best Film (Babel, nominated)
- 2007: David Lean Award for Direction (Babel, nominated)
- 2011: Best Film Not in the English Language (Biutiful, nominated)
- 2015: Best Direction (Birdman, pending)
- 2015: Best Original Screenplay (Birdman, pending)
Cannes Film Festival:
- 2000: Critics Week Grand Prize (Amores perros, won)
- 2000: Young Critics Award - Best Feature (Amores perros, won)
- 2006: Golden Palm (Babel, nominated)
- 2006: Prize of the Ecumenical Jury (Babel, won)
- 2006: Best Director (Babel, won)
- 2010: Golden Palm (Biutiful, nominated)
Directors Guild of America Awards:
- 2007: Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures (Babel, nominated)
Golden Globe Awards:
- 2001: Best Foreign Film (Amores Perros, nominated)
- 2007: Best Picture - Drama (Babel, won)
- 2007: Best Director (Babel, nominated)
- 2011: Best Foreign Film (Biutiful, nominated)
- 2015: Best Picture - Comedy or Musical (Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance), nominated)
- 2015: Best Director (Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance), nominated)
- 2015: Best Screenplay (Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance), won)
Independent Spirit Awards:
- 2002: Best Foreign Film (Amores perros, nominated)
- 2004: Special Distinction Award (21 Grams, won)
- 2007: Motion Picture Producer of the Year Award - Theatrical (Babel, nominated)
- 2015: Motion Picture Producer of the Year Award - Theatrical (Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance), Pending)
Venice Film Festival:
- 2002: UNESCO Award (September 11, won)
- 2003: Golden Lion (21 Grams, nominated)
- Cha Cha Cha Films
- Alejandro GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±arritu at Biosstars International
- Alejandro GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu at the Internet Movie Database
- Alejandro GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu at AllMovie
- Alejandro GonzÃ¡lez IÃ±Ã¡rritu at Rotten Tomatoes
- Moving Pictures Magazine interview
- Guardian interview, discussing Amores Perros
- IndieWire interview, discussing Amores Perros
- IndieWire interview, Interview discussing 21 Grams
- Sounds and Colours interview, discussing Biutiful