The Film Festival Locarno (Italian: Festival del film Locarno) is an international film festival held annually in August in the city of Locarno, Switzerland since 1946. Locarno is a film festival accredited by the FIAPF (International Federation of Film Producers Association). The main feature of the festival is the open-air screening area at the Piazza Grande with room for over 8,000 spectators, having one of the largest open-air screens in the world (26x14 metres).
The top prize of the Festival is the Golden Leopard awarded to the best film in the international competition. Other awards include the Leopard of Honour for outstanding career achievements, and the Prix du Public UBS, the public choice award.
The Locarno Film Festival is well known worldwide as a festival of discovery. Throughout its history the festival has discovered new trends and launched the careers of numerous directors and actors. Although the festival aims at the films, rather than at stars and glamour, several well-known personalities of the international film industry have visited the Locarno International Film Festival in recent years. To name just a few: Willem Dafoe, Terry Gilliam, Anthony Hopkins, Aki KaurismÃ¤ki, Abbas Kiarostami, Mike Leigh, Ken Loach, Gregg Araki, John Malkovich, Carmen Maura, Rose McGowan, Frank Oz, Michel Piccoli, Robert Rodriguez, Susan Sarandon, Christian Slater, Alexander Sokurov, Wim Wenders, Gus Van Sant, Christopher Lee, Harrison Ford, Daniel Craig, and Faye Dunaway.
The Festival del film Locarno kicked off on 23 August 1946, at the Grand Hotel of Locarno with the screening of the movie " 'O sole mio " by Giacomo Gentilomo. The first edition was organized in less than three months with a line-up of fifteen movies, mainly American and Italian, among which was Rome, Open City directed by Roberto Rossellini, And Then There Were None directed by RenÃ© Clair (1945), Double Indemnity by Billy Wilder (1944) and The Song of Bernadette by Henry King (1943). Later, the Festival del film Locarno presented movies and short movies by many international directors such as Claude Chabrol, Stanley Kubrick, Paul Verhoeven, MiloÅ¡ Forman, Marco Bellocchio, Glauber Rocha, Raul Ruiz, Alain Tanner, Mike Leigh, BÃ©la Tarr, Chen Kaige, Edward Yang, Alexandr Sokurov, Atom Egoyan, Jim Jarmusch, Spike Lee, Gregg Araki, Catherine Breillat, Abbas Kiarostami, Gus Van Sant, Pedro Costa, Fatih Akin, Claire Denis e Kim Ki-Duk.
Concorso internazionale (international competition) Awards
- Pardo d'oro (Golden Leopard) â" Festival Grand Prize from the City and Region of Locarno, for the best film in the Concorso internazionale (International Competition), that is shared equally between the director and the producer.
- Special Jury Prize from the Cities of Ascona and Losone, for the second best film in the Concorso internazionale (International Competition), that is shared equally between the director and the producer.
- Leopard for the Best Direction â" Prize from the City and Region of Locarno, for the best directed film in the Concorso internazionale (International Competition), that is shared equally between the director and the producer.
- Leopard for the Best Actress
- Leopard for the Best Actor
Concorso Cineasti del Presente (Filmmakers of the present) Awards
- Pardo d'oro Cineasti del presente â" Nescens Prize: awarded to the best film of this competition which is dedicated to first or second features.
- CinÃ©+ Special Jury Prize â" Cineasti del presente: the French television channel CinÃ©+ Club offers the broadcast rights to the winning film and guarantees the broadcast on their channel.
- Pardo per il miglior regista emergente (Leopard for Best New Director): Prize for the best new director in the Concorso internazionale.
Pardo per la Migliore Opera prima
Pardo per la Migliore Opera prima (Leopard for the Best First Feature), Prize on the City and Region of Locarno, that is shared equally between the director and the producer, for the best first film screened in the Concorso internazionale, the Concorso Cineasti del presente and the Piazza Grande section
Pardi di domani (Leopards of Tomorrow) Awards
- Pardino d'oro for the Best International Short Film â" SRG SSR Prize: awarded to the best short film in the International Short Film Competition Pardi di domani.
- Pardino d'oro for the Best Swiss Short Film â" Swiss Life Prize: awarded to the best short film in the National Short Film Competition Pardi di domani.
- Pardino d'argento SSR SRG for the International competition, for a film in the International competition Pardi di domani.
- Pardino d'argento Swiss Life for the National competition, for a film in the National competition Pardi di domani.
- Locarno short film nominee for the European Film Awards â" Pianifica Prize goes to a short film made by a European director, presented in one of the two competitions. The Award includes an automatic nomination in the short film category of the European Film Awards. Offered by the Studio Pianifica.
- Action Light Prize for Best Swiss Newcomer: provides equipment offered by Action Light, Avant-premiÃ¨re SA/ Film DemnÃ¤chst AG, SDS AG, Swiss Effects AG, EgliFilm AG, Titra Film SA, Taurus Studio, TranspaLux (Suisse) SA.
- Film and Video Subtitling Prize sponsored by the subtitling company Film und Video Untertitelung Gerhard Lehmann AG. The winning film will be subtitled in five central European languages. This subtitling can be inserted on film, video or DVD format.
Pardo d'onore Swisscom
For some 20 years now, the Pardo d'onore (Leopard of Honour, since 2009 Pardo d'onore Swisscom) has provided an opportunity to commend illustrious film directors, who embody the very idea of cinema which the Festival has supported so passionately since its inception: the best of auteur films, creative and audacious, with a strong vision and a personal style, endlessly reinventing itself. Locarno is proud to number amongst recipients of the Pardo dâonore such master filmmakers as Jacques Rivette, Manoel de Oliveira, Samuel Fuller, Bernardo Bertolucci, Jean-Luc Godard, Daniel Schmid, Ken Loach, Ermanno Olmi, Terry Gilliam, Abbas Kiarostami, Wim Wenders, Aleksandr Sokurov, Hou Hsiao-Hsien, Amos Gitai, William Friedkin, Alain Tanner, Jia Zhangke, Werner Herzog and, in 2014, to AgnÃ¨s Varda. In 2015 the Prize will be awarded to Michael Cimino and Marco Bellocchio, winner of the Vela d'argento in 1965.
Excellence Award MoÃ«t & Chandon
Every year the Exellence Award MoÃ«t & Chandon, sponsored by MoÃ«t et Chandon,celebrates one or more internationally acclaimed actors or actresses, who, through their work and talent, have enriched the cinema with their unique contribution. Since 2004, the Locarno Festival has been honoured to thus pay tribute to Oleg Menchikov, Susan Sarandon, John Malkovich, Willem Dafoe, Carmen Maura, Michel Piccoli, Toni Servillo, Chiara Mastroianni, Isabelle Huppert, Charlotte Rampling, Gael GarcÃa Bernal, Victoria Abril and Sir Christopher Lee. In 2014 the prize was awarded to Juliette Binoche and Giancarlo Giannini.
The Best Independent Producer Award â" Raimondo Rezzonico Prize
Wishing to highlight key figures in film and salute their courage and their ability to take a risk supporting auteurs, the Locarno Festival has already paid tribute with this award to the work of such renowned producers as Paulo Branco, Ruth Waldburger, Karl Baumgartner, Jeremy Thomas, the French collective Agat Films & Cie, Lita Stantic, Christine Vachon, Martine Marignac, Menahem Golan Mike Medavoy, Margaret MÃ©nÃ©goz, and, in 2014, Nansun Shi. The Best Independent Producer Award - Premio Raimondo Rezzonico was established in 2002 in memory of Raimondo Rezzonico, president of the event for almost twenty years. The Prize is offered by the City of Minusio.
Vision Award - Nescens
The Vision Award Nescens highlights and pays tribute to creative figures from the movie industry, whose work behind the scenes has helped cinema open up to new perspectives. In 2013, the prize was given to Douglas Trumbull, master of the special effects. In 2014, the Festival awarded the Oscar prize-winner Garrett Brown, creator of the Steadicam. In 2015, Walter Murch, the triple Oscar winning editor and sound designer, will be the recipient of the Vision Award - Nascens at the 68th Festival del film di Locarno.
Lifetime Achievement Award - Parmigiani
The prize, supported by Parmigiani, from 2011 to 2014 awarded film personalties with an extraordinary career. For three years it was presented to film legends such as Harrison Ford (2011), Alain Delon (2012) and Jacqueline Bisset (2013). In 2014 the Prize was awarded to Armin Mueller-Stahl.
Prix du Public UBS
The official jury is not the only one to hand out prizes at the Festival. Every night, the audience in Piazza Grande is on jury service, voting to decide the winner of the "Prix du public UBS". Previous winners of the "Prix du Public UBS" have included films such as Bend it like Beckham, The Syrian Bride, The Lives of Others, Monsieur Lazhar, Lore, Gabrielle and Schweizer Helden in 2014.
Variety Piazza Grande Award
The Variety Piazza Grande Award is awarded by a jury of several of the American trade paper's critics who attend Locarno. It goes to a film screeened in the Piazza Grande programme as a world or international premiÃ¨re. The prize recognises a film that stands out for both its artistic qualities and its potential for theatrical release. The award is intended to assist the international career of the selected film, thanks to Variety's connections with the film industry and its authority within the sector.
Leopard Club Award
Named after the supporting Association of the Festival, the Leopard Club Award pays tribute to someone in film whose work has left a mark on the collective imagination. In 2013, the first Leopard Club Award was given to Faye Dunaway. In 2014, it was awarded to the American actress Mia Farrow.
Direction and Management
- 1946-1958: Riccardo Bolla
- 1960-1965: Vinicio Beretta
- 1966: Sandro Bianconi
- 1967-1970: Sandro Bianconi, Freddy Buache
- 1971: Commission of direction, composed of seven members from Ticino
- 1972-1977: Moritz de Hadeln
- 1978-1981: Jean-Pierre Brossard
- 1982-1991: David Streiff
- 1992-2000: Marco MÃ¼ller
- 2000-2005: Irene Bignardi
- 2005-2009: FrÃ©dÃ©ric Maire
- 2010-2012: Olivier PÃ¨re
- Since 2012Â : Carlo Chatrian
- 1946-1955: Camillo Beretta
- 1957-1962: Enrico Franzioni
- 1963-1968: Fernando Gaja
- 1970-1980: Luciano Giudici
- 1981-1999: Raimondo Rezzonico
- Since 2000: Marco Solari
chief operating officer:
- 2006-2013: Marco Cacciamognaga
- Since May 2013: Mario Timbal
The official poster of the Festival:
Some images of the Festival del film Locarno.
- List of film festivals
- List of film festivals in Europe
- List of film awards
- Festival del film Locarno Official Site (in English and Italian)
- Festival del film Locarno at Internet Movie Database
- Olivier PÃ¨re (Artistic Director 2010-12) personal blog (in French)