What We Do Is Secret is a 2007 American biographical film about Darby Crash, singer of the late-1970s Los Angeles punk rock band Germs. Rodger Grossman directed the film and wrote the screenplay, based on a story he had written with Michelle Baer Ghaffari, a friend of Crash's and co-producer of the film. Shane West stars as Crash, while Rick Gonzalez, Bijou Phillips, and Noah Segan respectively portray Germs members Pat Smear, Lorna Doom, and Don Bolles.
The film follows the formation and career of Germs, focusing on Crash's mysterious "five-year plan", his homosexual relationship with Rob Henley (played by Ashton Holmes), and his experimentation with heroin, culminating in his December 1980 suicide. The film is titled after the first track on Germs' (GI) album.
There was almost a decade of production of the film, considering how it was beset by changes in production staff and adjustments in casting. Grossman stated that the extended process was "actually a blessing in disguise"; it provided him the chance to conduct âthousands of hours of original interviews,â and the time to come across the filmâs lead, Shane West, an actor he feels âdid a masterful job capturing Crash on film.â The film was produced by Rhino Films, Picture Machine, Red Rover Films and King Records as well as being independently produced and financed. The film premiÃ¨red at the Los Angeles Film Festival on June 23, 2007, and is being distributed theatrically and on video by Peace Arch Entertainment beginning August 2008.
Despite the film not being a critical or financial success, the film's lead Shane West received critical acclaim for his performance as Darby Crash with many critics even pointing out that West was able to emulate Crash's behavior and mannerisms perfectly and bears an uncanny likeness to Crash himself.
Jan Paul Beahm (Shane West) grows up in Los Angeles through a troubled childhood; he does not know his biological father, his mother is an alcoholic, and his older brother dies from a heroin overdose. He is an avid reader and develops into a "frighteningly intelligent" student at University High School, where his antisocial behavior leads the administration to give him straight A's if he agrees not to return. In December 1975, at age 17, he proposes to his friend Georg Ruthenberg (Rick Gonzalez) that they start a band, showing him potential lyrics and claiming to have a "five-year plan" inspired by the David Bowie song "Five Years". They recruit Terri Ryan (Bijou Phillips), Belinda Carlisle (Lauren German), and Becky Barton (Amy Halloran) for the group and con money for instruments. Jan Paul comes up with the name Germs, representing the germination of an idea. He sings while Georg plays guitar, Terri plays bass guitar, and Becky plays drums.
Germs play their first gig on April 16, 1977. As they are heckling The Damned outside the Whisky a Go Go, Claude "Kickboy Face" Bessy (Sebastian RochÃ©) of Slash magazine suggests that they perform at an open mic across the street. Germs give an impropmtu performance of their song "Sex Boy", but do not know how to play their instruments and are heckled by the audience. Jan Paul responds by throwing flour at them and dipping the microphone in peanut butter; the band is thrown out but excited by the experience. Jan Paul comes up with pseudonyms for the members: Georg becomes Pat Smear, Terri becomes Lorna Doom, and Becky becomes Donna Rhia, while Belinda bows out of the band. Jan Paul renames himself Bobby Pyn, but soon changes this to Darby Crash. Becky is soon kicked out and the band goes through a series of replacements. Chris Ashford (Keir O'Donnell) becomes their manager and presses their "Forming" single, the first punk rock single from Los Angeles.
At The Masque Germs meet Don Bolles (Noah Segan), who becomes their new drummer. Darby also meets Rob Henley (Ashton Holmes), and the two begin a homosexual relationship. Darby comes up with Germs' logo, a blue circle, as well as the "Germs burn", a symbolic circular cigarette burn on the wrist. Germs build an audience at The Masque and advance to larger venues, playing a chaotic show at the Roosevelt Hotel on October 31, 1978. Tensions mount between Don and Rob over the band's direction, and Darby and Rob begin experimenting with heroin. Germs appear on Rodney Bingenheimer (J. P. Manoux)'s radio program and convince Slash to fund their album, (GI). Tensions rise as Rob convinces Darby that Don's drumming is not fast enough, and when a woman named Amber (Missy Doty) begins doting on Darby and declares herself his manager.
Darby's heroin use increases, as does violence at Germs' shows, and they are banned from most clubs in Los Angeles. Darby is upset to learn that Don has started a side project. Penelope Spheeris (Michele Hicks) features Germs in her film The Decline of Western Civilization. The band plays at the Whisky a Go Go on December 23, 1979 under the name GI, for "Germs Incognito", and when Don is late Darby replaces him with Rob. Rob does not know how to play, however, and the show is aborted when the crowd riots. Finding Rob having sex with Gerber (Randi Newton), Darby effectively breaks up Germs by taking off with Amber to London for several months, where he becomes a fan of Adam and the Ants.
Darby returns to Los Angeles with an Adam Ant-inspired fashion and a tall mohawk. He enlists Pat for his Darby Crash Band, then organizes a Germs "farwell show" at the Starwood Club in December 1980 with Pat, Lorna, and Don. The show goes well, with Darby telling the crowd "This is for the people who wanted to know what it was like when we were around. But this is the only one; you're not gonna see this again". Alone and despondent after the show, he enters into a suicide pact with Casey Cola (Azura Skye): The two intentionally overdose on heroin; Casey survives while Darby does not. Pat receives the news as he is watching reports of the assassination of John Lennon. Darby's funeral is sparsely attended, with Pat reading a poem titled "Astrid" that Darby had written near the band's outset.
- Shane West as Darby Crash, the leader and singer of Germs. The film focuses on Darby and his mysterious "five-year plan", about which he gives only cryptic answers. The young Darby in the film's opening scenes is played by Jonathan Milliken.
- Bijou Phillips as Lorna Doom, Germs' bassist and a close friend of Darby's.
- Rick Gonzalez as Pat Smear, Germs' guitarist. He and Darby found Germs together as high school friends, and he later also joins the short-lived Darby Crash Band.
- Noah Segan as Don Bolles, Germs' most consistent drummer. He is accepted into the band after driving all the way from Arizona to join them and demonstrating considerable musical skill.
- Ashton Holmes as Rob Henley, Darby's homosexual partner who longs to be Germs' drummer and thus vies with Don for Darby's approval.
- Tina Majorino as Michelle Baer Ghaffari, a close friend of Darby and the band. The real Baer Ghaffari was briefly Germs' drummer, and co-wrote the story for What We Do Is Secret with director Rodger Grossman.
- Lauren German as Belinda Carlisle, who is briefly a formative member of Germs but bows out due to a fear of performing. In reality Carlisle was briefly instated as Germs' drummer, using the pseudonym Dottie Danger, but never actually played with the band due to a bout of mononucleosis. She was replaced by Becky Barton and went on to front The Go-Go's and become a solo artist. German had previously worked with West in the 2002 film A Walk to Remember.
- Keir O'Donnell as Chris Ashford, Germs' manager. He reads Darby's lyrics while working at the record store Licorice Pizza and is impressed enough to manage the band, helping to get their dÃ©but single "Forming" pressed and negotiating gigs for them at The Masque.
- Sebastian RochÃ© as Claude "Kickboy Face" Bessy, a music journalist for Slash who becomes an avid supporter of Germs.
- Azura Skye as Casey Cola, who takes Darby in after his return from London and enters into a suicide pact with him, though she survives the attempt.
- Ozzy Benn as Captain Sensible, bassist for The Damned.
- Christopher Boyd as Dave Vanian, singer for The Damned. Sensible and Vanian are heckled by Germs outside The Whisky and are present for their first live performance.
- Missy Doty as Amber, a middle-aged woman who dotes on Darby and becomes his manager, to the detestation of the other band members.
- Amy Halloran as Becky Barton/Donna Rhia, Germs' original drummer. In reality Barton replaced the ill Belinda Carlisle, played three shows with Germs, and played on the "Forming" single.
- Michele Hicks as Penelope Spheeris, a documentary film director who features Germs in The Decline of Western Civilization.
- J. P. Manoux as Rodney Bingenheimer, a KROQ-FM disc jockey who features Germs on his program "Rodney on the ROQ".
- Ray Park as Brendan Mullen, manager of The Masque who allows Germs to play there and later books them at the Roosevelt Hotel.
Additional minor roles were played by Kylan James as The Damned's drummer Rat Scabies, Chris Pontius as Black Randy, Randi Newton as Germs fan Gerber, Anna Waronker as Joan Jett, Giddle Partridge as Dinah Cancer of Vox Pop and 45 Grave, and John Westernoff as Nickey Beat.
Two Los Angeles punk rock bands of the 2000s perform in the film as bands of the late 1970s. The Mae Shi perform as The Screamers in The Masque scene, playing a cover version of Germs' "Sex Boy" with Rich Moreno playing the role of Tomata du Plenty. The Bronx perform as Black Flag, opening for the Darby Crash Band by performing "Police Story". The Bronx members Matt Caughthran, Joby J. Ford, James Tweedy, and Jorma Vik respectively play the roles of Black Flag members Dez Cadena, Greg Ginn, Chuck Dukowski, and Robo.
Development and production
Inspired by Penelope Spheeris' The Decline of Western Civilization and the punk rock scene of Los Angeles, AFI Film School graduate and LA native Rodger Grossman, set out to create an authentic story about the formative years of The Germs. Although The Germs project experienced several setbacks and false starts over a nine-year period, Grossman stayed committed to the film.
Pat Smear (the original guitar player in the band), who ultimately became a member of Nirvana, Foo Fighters and many other bands, was the music producer for the film. With the exception of Phillips, who played guitar (but not bass guitar), and West, who had experience as a singer, none of the other cast members had ever played musical instruments. Intent on making the music in his film sound authentic, Grossman asked Smear to help his actors learn to play their instruments. Smear rehearsed with the band and produced all the pre-recordings that were used in the movie, utilizing the other original members of Germs; Bolles and Doom. The new band of actors slowly came together. Pat Smear said: "These kids will be as good as we were when we were badâ¦which is good enough". Smear went on to affectionately refer to the cast as the "Baby Germs." The music in the film was recorded during pre-production, used by the cast as synch tracks during production, and finally married with Westâs live vocals, which were recorded on-set. Pat Smear also produced the recordings of the other bands that perform in the movieâ"the Mae Shi performed as The Screamers, and The Bronx performed as Black Flag.
The financing of the film came from personal investments, including Shane West himself.
After a stressful false start in production, the cast and crew held a wrap party to celebrate the un-shot film. At the party the actors who portrayed the band (Baby Germs) entertained the crew by playing a few of Germsâ tracks on stage. Then the original Germs, who were in attendance, joined the Baby Germs on stage. The Baby Germs handed their instruments over to the original Germs, who continued to jam with West on vocals. The result was an unexpected Germs reunion with Shane West as front man.
David Arquette was initially considered for the role of Darby Crash, but he moved on to other projects. Shane West, who auditioned with his own pop-punk band Jonny Was, was ultimately chosen as Darby Crash. West's strong connection to the material, along with his own experience as the lead singer of a pop-punk band, convinced Grossman to choose West over many other contenders. West had tooth veneers applied in order to make his teeth look like Crash's. During the hiatus between seasons of ER, West worked on the film and on getting more financing for it. Grossman cast Bjiou Phillips, who was seventeen years old at the time, to play Lorna Doom. Phillips stayed committed to the project for the entire time it took to bring the film into production. West and the other actors who portrayed Germs' members trained for 3 months for the concert scenes with the help of Germs' real members.
Heather Mallow, a personal friend of Grossman, was chosen and played the role of Darby's mother who was briefly discussed during one of the more documentary sequences during the start of the movie.
Filming began in 2005. The film was shot on location in Silver Lake, Los Angeles, California, primarily at Occidental Studios, where Charlie Chaplin and Mary Pickford once made movies. The film was shot guerrilla-style in a total of twenty-one days and in three production periods over a two-year period. Grossman used multiple camera positions to convey the significance of the band in relation to the audience. For example, in a scene depicting one of the bandâs first shows, the camera looks down on Darby, suggesting the lackluster effect that the band had on the audience. As the film progresses, Grossman changes the cameraâs position to make the stage higher relative to the audience, illustrating the control Darby had over his audience.
All wardrobe and makeup was supervised by Michelle Baer-Ghaffari, a friend of Darbyâs, to ensure authenticity.
What We Do is Secret received mixed reviews. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 43% of critics gave the film a positive review based on 47 reviews, with an average score of 5.2 out of 10 making the film a "certified rotten" on the website's rating system. The site's consensus is: "Despite its dynamic subject and reckless anti-glamor, this biopic about the legendary punk rocker Darby Crash fails to translate the excitement its subject generated. On Metacritic it has a weighted score of 54 out of 100, based on 18 critics, which it ranks as "Mixed to Average Reviews".
Although the film received mixed critical reviews, many critics praised Shane West's performance as Darby Crash many have even noted that West bears a strong resemblance to Crash. David Wiegand of the San Francisco Chronicle spoke highly of West saying that even though some of the supporting performances such a Bijou Phillips and Rick Gonzalez, are very strong, it is Shane West "who lifts the film to a whole other level" as he brings "multiple layers of insight and nuance". Carrie Rickey of the Philadelphia Inquirer said that West had a "terrific performance" and noted he also "bears an uncanny resemblance to Darby Crash." Nora Lee Mandel from Film-Forward.com said that "West is magnetic trying to fill the gaps in the pop psychology insight into how the Germs' brief candle burned out so fast." John Hartl from the Seattle Times said that "While What We Do Is Secret may not be remembered for much more than West's performance, it's an impersonation worth saluting." Phil Gallo from Variety praised both West and Grossman saying they both "have a clear, unwavering perspective on Crash that should entice curiosity seekers and old punks." Pauline Pechin from Premiere thought that West played Darby Crash to a tee and kept on saying in fact, his performance was so believable that he's currently on tour with the reformed Germs as the lead singer. Ken Fink from TV Guide said "Shane West does a pretty impressive impersonation of the on-stage antics of Darby Crash".
Some critics also praised some of the supporting actors' performances as well as the cast performances as a whole. This was seen with Jim Emerson from the Chicago Sun-Times review with him saying "Where What We Do Is Secret succeeds is in the performances which sometimes expose a stilted, amateurish strain that's oddly in tune with the characters' D.I.Y. aesthetic." Sara Cardance of New York Magazine said "The amateur vibe suits the subject matter, and the young cast rises to the challenge." Eric Campos from Film Threat said that "These actors and many more make What We Do Is Secret an absolute blast to watch and they do an undeniably perfect job of recreating this notorious scene."
What We Do Is Secret was released on DVD on November 4, 2008.
In addition to "Forming", which appears on the soundtrack album, the team of Shane West, Bijou Phillips, Lukas Haas, and Michael LeBlanc also perform the Germs songs "Circle One", "Lexicon Devil", "Richie Dagger's Crime", "Shut Down (Annihilation Man)", and "Lion's Share" in the film. The Bronx also performs the Black Flag song "Police Story". Additional songs used in the film that do not appear on the soundtrack album include:
- "We Must Bleed" and "What We Do Is Secret" by Germs, written by Darby Crash and Pat Smear
- "Queen Bitch", written and performed by David Bowie
- "Neat Neat Neat" by The Damned, written by Brian James
- "Taliban", written and performed by Paul Roessler
- "Gidget Goes to Hell" by Suburban Lawns, written by William Ranson and Richard Whitney
- "Adult Books" by X, written by John Doe and Exene Cervenka
- "Righteous Dub" by Mad Professor, written by Neil Fraser
- "Just Like You" by Vox Pop, written by Don Bolles
- "New Dawn Fades" by Joy Division, written by Ian Curtis, Peter Hook, Stephen Morris, and Bernard Sumner
- "Bloodstains" by Agent Orange, written by Mike Palm
- Article on the release of Germs' What We Do Is Secret and other documentaries chronicling the punk's golden era.
Lipton, Shana Ting (August 23, 2005). "Rekindling the Punk Flame" (page 1/2). shanatinglipton.com. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- FilmJerk.com Review
- Film Threat Review
- Photo gallery from the movie
- Gay Punk-Rocker Tragedy - The Bay Area Reporter
- Germ Warfare - Easy Bay Express
- What We Do Is Secret at AllMovie
- What We Do Is Secret at the Internet Movie Database